Pathology MCQs- 5

Q- A child presents with low body weight, edema of lower extremities, enlarged abdomen with ascites and desquamating skin and areas of depigmentation and hyperpigmentation. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?

A- Kwashiorkor

B- Marasmus

C- Pellagra

D- Scurvy

A- Kwashiorkor- Hypoalbuminemia and fatty liver are characteristic of kwashiorkor. Young children are the most affected group because of malnutrition and the need for more protein during development.

Q- Which one of the following conditions is characterized by joint space narrowing and osteophyte formation while bone density appears normal?

A- Gout

B- Osteoarthritis

C- Pseudogout

D- Rheumatoid arthritis

B- Osteoarthritis- The most common arthritis in the elderly population. It affects almost every person at the age of 65 and older to some extent.

Q- A patient presents with multiple ecchymosis of the skin, high prothrombin and partial thromboplastin times, Low serum He, low platelet count and positive D-Dimer test. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?

A- Disseminated intravascular coagulopathy

B- Hemophilia A

C- Vitamin K deficiency

D- von Willebrand disease

A- Disseminated intravascular coagulopathy- D-Dimer test is positive is diagnostic and it caused by fibrin degradation products which result in widespread clotting.

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