Repeated USMLE Questions Step 1- Review- 79- Pharmacology

Q- A patient taking chemotherapeutic treatment for non-Hodgkin lymphoma presents with hematuria for several days. Which one of the following drugs is responsible for this symptom?

A- Bleomycin

B- Cyclophosphamide

C- Doxorubicin

D- Vincristine

B- Cyclophosphamide- This chemotherapeutic agent may cause hemorrhagic cystitis which can cause hematuria. It is used in non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Q- Which one of the following medications works to protect the gastric ulcerated tissue from damage by gastric enzymes and acid through polymerization?

A- Cimetidine

B- Famotidine

C- Omeprazole

D- Sucralfate

D- Sucralfate- It is poorly soluble so, it polymerizes in acid and binds to ulcerated tissue and protects it from pepsin and acid.

Q- Which of the following antibiotics is the most common one associated with antibiotic-induced pseudomembranous colitis?

A- Chloramphenicol

B- Clindamycin

C- Metronidazole

D- Vancomycin

B- Clindamycin- It is the most common antibiotic associated with pseudomembranous colitis. Oral chloramphenicol is no longer used in the USA. Metronidazole and vancomycin are used in the treatment of this condition.

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2 thoughts on “Repeated USMLE Questions Step 1- Review- 79- Pharmacology”

  1. I am adding one pharmacology question every 3 days. Thank you for your request.

  2. I would wish to get more nclex pharmacology question.

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